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Lightning Facts

Lightning Facts

 

- One strike can cost millions in damages, downtime, product loss and liability

- Lightning does not discriminate

- Lightning strikes cannot be predicted

- Lightning does strike twice

- 15-20 Storage Tank fires occur each year

 

The Lightning Threat

- 15% increase in lightning-­-related losses from 2009 to 2010 – Lloyds & Insurance Information Institute, 2011

- In 2008 the cost of lightning damage and related losses exceeded $5 billion -­- National Lightning Safety Institute, in 2009

- Lightning accounts for 61% of all accidents in storage and processing activities, where natural events are identified as the root cause of the incidents. In North America, 16 out of 20 accidents involving petroleum products storage tanks were as a result of lightning strikes -­- Liverpool John Moores University, Faculty of Technology and Environment, School of the Built Environment, 2006 (W. Atherton and J. W. Ash )

- By 2040s-­-2060s, weather damage in the UK during a “normal” year, is likely to be double that of current years -­-Association of British Insurers, 2007

 

Tank Fires by Lightning

1. MagRe Tech Refining, Bellevue, Ohio, USA -­- 2012

2. China Petrochemical, Heshan City, China – 2012

3. Green Tide Water Disposal, TX USA -­-2011

4. Colonial Pipeline Company, North Carolina, USA – 2010

5. Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico, USA – 2010

6. McCook TX, USA-­- 2010

7. St. Mary Parish, LA, USA – 2010

8. Teppco at the Seaway Crude Oil facility, Texas, USA – 2009

9. Magellan Midstream Partners, Kansas, USA – 2008

10. Wynnewood Refinery Co. Oklahoma, USA – 2007

11. The Engen Refinery, South Africa-­- 2007

12. Sunoco’s Eagle Point Refinery, New Jersey, USA – 2007

13. Brisbane Oil Refinery, Australia – 2003

14. Escravos Tank Farm Fire, Nigeria, Africa -­- 2002

15. Trzebinia Refinery Malopolsak Region, Poland – 2002

16. Orion Refinery, Norco, LA, USA – 2001

17. Shell Oil, Woodbridge, New Jersey, USA – 1996

18. Sunoco Refinery, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada – 1996

19. Amoco Refinery, Texas City, USA – 1996

20. Pertamina Refinery, Cilacap, Indonesia – 1995

21. Newport, Ohio, USA – 1987

22. Newport, Ohio, USA – 1986

23. Chemischen Werke Huls, Herne, Germany – 1984

24. Union Oil, Romeoville Illnois, USA – 1977

25. Czechowice-­-Dziedzice Refinery – 1971

26. Union Oil, California, USA – 1926

 

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